James Cook was a naval captain, navigator and explorer who, in 1770, charted New Zealand and the Great Barrier Reef of Australia on his ship HMB Endeavour.

James Cook was born in 1728 in Marton, England. Cook anchored in the Nootka Sound on Vancouver Island.

Courtesy Jon Platek and Wikimedia Commons.

While Cook was still a child, his father became the foreman on a farm in a neighbouring village.

He also mapped out places which really broadened the knowledge of geography about the world.

His published journals which contained his discoveries and achievements, made him a hero of science.

A reviewer of my book Transit of Venus: 1631 to the present in the April 2012 issue of the Bulletin of The Pacific Circle queries my reference to Cook’s first voyage (1768-71) as his ‘most famous’. Red indicates the first voyage, green the second and blue the third. James Cook, Chart of the Discoveries made in the South Atlantic Ocean on board the ship HMS Resolution in January of 1775. James Cook was the son of a farmhand migrant from Scotland.

James Cook then continued his expedition and mapped …

James Cook left Hawaii and sailed to North America, where he began his exploration of the west coast. Young James early showed signs of an inquiring and able mind, and his father’s employer paid for his schooling in the village until he was 12 years old.

A chart of the three voyages of James Cook. James Cook has massive influence and impact not only in the past, but also now, in the present. While working in the North Sea, Cook spent his free time learning math and navigation. His father was a Scottish migrant farmworker who allowed James to apprentice on coal-carrying boats at the age of eighteen. While there, he traded with the Yuquot people. These expeditions were the subject of Volumes I and II of Dr J.C. Beaglehole’s edition of Cook’s Journals. This led to his appointment as mate. Captain James Cook’s first two voyages of exploration, in 1768-71 and 1772-75, had drawn the modern map of the South Pacific Ocean and had opened the door on the discovery of Antarctica.

The third voyage, on which Cook sailed in 1776, was directed to the Northern Hemisphere. A general chart of the island of Newfoundland, which was surveyed by James Cook and “publish’d according to Act of Parliament by Thomas Jefferys Geographer to the King, 1775.” By Michael Lane and James Cook.