Its strong beak and shock-absorbing skull are perfect for finding food and making its home among the trees. Great spotted woodpeckers have white cheeks with black lines underneath and a black cap. Not afraid to make itself heard. The cavities hollowed out by the birds vary in size, depending on the species of woodpecker.

It takes about 3 weeks for a mated pair of woodpeckers to build a nest.

By pecking on to the wood, they make holes on the tree to structure their future nest. Excavation of holes typically takes woodpeckers 10-28 days. Many woodpeckers chisel out deep cavities in tree trunks in order to lay their eggs and raise their brood.

Most North American woodpeckers carve a new nest cavity each spring. Like a middle spotted woodpecker, they have a red top to their head and similar black and white markings on the body.

Eggs are laid, and they are incubated for 7-10 days. This construction is usually done by both the male and the female; sometimes the pair will produce one … This confusion arises when young great spotted woodpeckers leave the nest. Pileated Woodpecker. In other words, woodpeckers rely on their carving ability. Though middle spotted woodpeckers are just across the Channel in northern France, because they are not migratory, they have never made it to this country. Woodpecker nests are in hollow trees.

Pileated woodpeckers forage under loose bark of large older decaying hardwood trees for ants and beetle larvae. The great spotted woodpecker is equipped with a toolkit that makes it a true woodland specialist.

Pecking allows woodpeckers to build their nests. They create their own nests by excavating wood from trees and rarely use nests from previous years. Rather, the woodpecker makes the tree hollow by digging into it, known as excavation. Most birds collect the twigs and grass to structure their future home, but not the woodpecker.


They excavate cavities from twenty to eighty feet high and will also nest in high mounted nest boxes.
See the pileated woodpecker nest boxpage and view or print nest box plans.